is situated in the province of Cáceres and has approximately
9.000 inhabitants. The city lies 564 meters above sea level and has a
surface area of 655 km². The most important monuments are the
fortress, the palace of the Dukes of San Carlos, the Palace of Juan
Pizarro de Orellana, the Church of Santiago, the Pizarro museum, La
Coria and the museum of traditional costume of Enrique Elías.
| Trujillo is built on a hill of granite stone. On
the top of this hill there is a fortress with excellent views over the
surroundings. Also there are ruins of an older fortress. The city has
been occupied by the Romans, the Visigoths and during 5 centuries by
the Moors. In 1233 however the Christians took over the city. City
rights were given in 1431 by Juan II.
Trujillo is the place of birth of Francisco Pizarro, Conquistador of Peru, and of Francisco de Orellana, discoverer of the Amazon. A famous statue of Pizarro, sitting on his horse, is situated in the Plaza Mayor of Trujillo. In North and South-America a number of cities named after Trujillo can be found.