Cáceres

Cáceres is the capital of the province with the same name in the Extremadura region. Cáceres has a surface area of 1,750 km² and approximately 90,800 inhabitants.
The most beautiful part of this city is the medieval part and in 1986 this was included on UNESCO’s World Heritage list.

Cáceres has always been a centre of many races and cultures. The oldest rock paintings are over 30,000 years old and you can find those in the Maltravieso caves.
The first settlement was a Roman one, named Norbensis Caesarina, founded in the year 25 BC by Lucio Cornelio Balbo. The only remains of this period are the city entrance, named “Arco del Cristo” or “Puerta del Rio”.
Little is known about the period directly after the fall of the Roman Empire.
From the 7th century there were struggles between the Moors and the Christians and these culminated in 1169 when Fernando II took Caceres from the Moors. In 1170 an Order of Knights (Los Fratres de Cáceres) was founded to defend the city.

Since 1227 Cáceres entered a period of prosperity. Merchants and nobles, who came to live here, built country houses and palaces to impress each other. Most of those were razed in 1476 by the royal couple Isabella and Ferdinand in order to stop the struggle for power.
The present quiet renaissance city dates from the 15th and 16th centuries. Since then it has had to deal with economic decline. The wars of the 19th and 20th centuries did not harm Cáceres.

Points of interest are the central square (Plaza Mayor), the old centre with romantic small streets, the famous Plaza de Santa María, with the cathedral from the 12th century, founded between 1169 and 1173.
Near to the cathedral you find the Palacio Carvajal (also 12th century), nowadays the Information Centre.